The history of the women's movement in Iran with a special focus on the post-revolutionary era.

2017-03-22T01:25:22Z (GMT) by Jahanshahrad, Houri
The aim of this research is to examine the women's movement in Iran through a multifaceted study of the movement from its peak in the mid 1900s through the end of the reformist government in Iran in 2005. This study aims to identify and analyze the obstacles that the Iranian women's movement has been facing throughout its history and to show the new opportunities which have been arising in different periods of the movement. Regarding the evolutionary function of the women's movement in Iran after the Islamic revolution of 1979, the main focus of this research is a study of the dynamics and consequences of the women's movement under the regime of the Islamic Republic. This thesis examines the factors which have influenced the women's movement in Iran and the role of dynamic fiqh in the improvement of women's status. To address the above mentioned questions, the author begins with the examination of the Iranian women's movement historically and maps the shifts occurred in the women's movement over time with respect to the employed languages and strategies in the movement. The thesis then provides an exploration of the gender policies of the state demonstrated through the laws passed by the legislation. Through an analysis of the interrelationships between the state, civil society and the women's movement in Iran, the author argues that the pursuance of Iranian women's rights is part of the process of democratization in the country. The thesis elucidates the implications of new religious thought in Iranian women's issues and analyzes the possibilities of improving Iranian women's status in light of the ideas of this strand of thought. The author concludes that the present-day women's movement in Iran endeavors to promote a pragmatic feminism which respects cultural and ideological differences between women's groups. The central goal of this pragmatic feminism is to solve the tangible problems of Iranian women and to increase the effectiveness of the women's movement.